THE GRADUATE AND UNDERGRADUATE PAGE
Student Activity -- Graduates and Undergraduates
Undergraduate Students may apply for CAPD/ACDP Membership
The CAPD/ACDP recognizes that the future national voice of pediatric dentistry in Canada lies within its graduate student population. Whether students are participating in a program within Canada or in the United States, there is one common thread amongst them all - they are linked together and with their active CAPD/ACDP member colleagues through the CAPD/ACDP website.
Students are welcome to submit announcements and/or news that they wish to share on the website about their activities relating to student affairs, meetings or scientific research by contacting the site administrator.
CAPD/ACPD also recognizes the importance of our undergraduate students in Dentistry who have taken an active interest in Paediatric Dentistry. CAPD/ACPD, through the establishment of the Norm Levine Undergraduate Student scholarship, continues to encourage and support the development of these young learners.
This scholarship is available for each of the dental schools in Canada.
There are set guidelines that graduate students need to follow in order to attend and/or submit abstracts for the 3M ESPE Graduate Student Research presentations. The following PDF file contains the information necessary for students' participation:
2022 Instructions for Submission of Scientific Abstracts
Please note that the 2022 deadline for submission of Abstracts is August 19, 2022
The annual 3M Oral Care Graduate Student Research Presentations and Awards are a result of the partnership formed between 3M Oral Care and CAPD/ACDP. The money 3M Oral Care generously donated goes to Canadian graduate students in pediatric dentistry who present their research topics at the CAPD/ACDP Annual General Meeting.
Each year, 5 Graduate students will be invited to the Annual meeting to present their research. Invited students are eligible for the 3M Oral Care CAPD/ACDP Graduate Student Award of $1000 which is awarded to the best presenter as determined by a panel of judges. 3M Oral Care also awards a sample of their product line to all graduate student presenters.
In addition to qualifying for the 3M Oral Care Award, CAPD/ACDP will provide each presenter with Complimentary registration for the Conference Scientific Sessions.
CAPD/ACDP Congratulates the winner of the 2022 3M Presentations
Dr. Alexandra Rabalski
The 2022 Presenters and Topics
Dr. MANDEEP GILL
Exploring Part-time Clinical Instructors’ Knowledge of Minimal Intervention Dentistry
Gill M*1, Brondani MA1, Manso AP1, Mathu-Muju KR.1
1Department of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
Purpose: In recent years, there has been a paradigm shift in managing carious lesions minimally invasively and this concept is known as Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MID). Recommendations from the Canadian Core Cariology Curriculum symposium encouraged reflection and recommended further investigations into the teaching of MID in Canadian dental institutions. As Canadian dental schools heavily rely on part-time sessional instructors to support the clinical teaching program, it is of value to understand the knowledge of University of British Columbia’s part-time clinical instructors have of MID in the management of dental caries in patients of any age. Therefore, the purpose of this study aimed to explore UBC’s part time instructors’ knowledge of the principles of minimal intervention dentistry (MID) when managing caries.
Methods: A qualitative exploratory approach of inquiry was used, and purposeful selection identified part-time instructors that support the clinical teaching of dental students during the delivery of patient care in the clinical setting for semi-structured interviews. The interview guide, modeled after Schulte et al. 2011, presented 3 clinical caries management scenarios with questions exploring the participants’ knowledge of the five domains of cariology and minimal intervention management: knowledge base, risk assessment, diagnosis, synthesis, and choice of surgical/non- surgical therapy. Interviews were conducted over Zoom, audio recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Thematic analysis was conducted with an interpretive deductive-inductive approach.
Results: Nine interviews were completed. The participants consisted of 6 males and 3 females between 55-76 years of age, with 32-45 years of private practice experience, and who had taught anywhere between 3-19 years. The thematic analysis led to the identification of two themes and their respective categories: Foundational knowledge - caries detection methods, caries detection limitations, evaluating lesion activity, categorizing caries risk, selective dentin removal, and pulpal diagnosis; and Caries management decision making - adherence to oral health measures, diagnostic uncertainty, patient cooperation, and economics.
Conclusions: UBC part-time instructors were familiar with the concepts but did not necessarily fully implement minimally invasive dentistry strategies into their hypothetical caries management plans. As MID principles do not appear to have been consistently adopted by sessional instructors, this may pose challenges to consistent teaching of modern caries management to dental students in the clinical educational setting. As dental schools depend upon community dentists to support clinical teaching programs, it would be advisable to consider providing continuing education for sessional instructors to help ensure consistent, evidence-based clinical teaching of caries management.
1. Tikhonova S, Jessani A, Girard F, Macdonald ME, De Souza G, Tam L, Eggert FM, Nguyen-Ngoc C, Morin N, Aggarwal N, Schroth RJ. The Canadian Core Cariology Curriculum: Outcomes of a national symposium. J Dent Educ. 2020 Nov;84(11):1245-1253. doi: 10.1002/jdd.12313. Epub 2020 Jul 22. PMID: 32700382.
2. Schulte AG, Pitts NB, Huysmans MC, Splieth C, Buchalla W. European core curriculum in cariology for undergraduate dental students. Caries Res. 2011;45(4):336-45. doi: 10.1159/000330006. Epub 2011 Jul 14. PMID: 21757903.
DR. KELSEY O'HAGAN-WONG
The Use of Hydroxyapatite Toothpaste to Prevent Dental Caries
O’Hagan-Wong, K1. Enax, J2, Meyer F2, Ganss B1
University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry
Research Department Oral Care Dr. Kurt Wolff GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
BACKGROUND: Dissolution of hydroxyapatite (HAP) from the tooth structure at low pH can lead to the irreversible destruction of enamel and dentin, which if left untreated can result in pain and tooth loss. HAP toothpastes have been recently approved for use in Canada and contain HAP particles which resemble those occurring naturally in dental enamel. HAP toothpaste particles are believed to deposit and restore demineralized enamel surfaces and are being explored as a fluoride free anti-caries agent.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this narrative review was to determine the effectiveness of hydroxyapatite containing toothpastes on enamel remineralization in vitro, in situ and in vivo.
METHODS: A literature search was carried out using the PubMed and Scopus databases. The following keywords were applied “Hydroxyapatite”, "Dentifrices", "Caries", "Remineralization", “Toothpastes”. Relevant papers in English were included in the review based on the title and abstract. Additional articles were screened from the references of selected papers as appropriate.
RESULTS: Our search generated a total of 34 results consisting of 22 in vitro studies, 6 ex vivo studies and 6 clinical trials comparing HAP toothpastes to fluoride toothpaste for caries prevention. In vitro and in situ studies report that brushing with HAP toothpaste filled in and smoothened the irregularities in the demineralized surface compared to fluoridated toothpastes, which failed to repair any enamel irregularities. Surface hardness between teeth brushed with HAP was not significantly different from those brushed with a fluoridated toothpaste, however calcium and phosphate content appear to be significantly higher following the use of HAP toothpastes in these studies. Clinical trials that investigated caries progression reported the non-inferiority of HAP toothpastes compared to fluoridated control toothpastes after 1 year.
Additional effects of HAP toothpastes include increase tooth whitening/brightening effects and decreased dentinal hypersensitivity. Furthermore, no adverse health or environmental concerns surrounding HAP toothpaste use have been reported.
CONCLUSION: This review shows that HAP may be equivalent to fluoridated toothpastes at caries prevention with few adverse effects. HAP toothpastes may be a useful fluoride free alternative for the prevention of dental caries.
EXTERNAL FUNDING: Ontario Graduate Scholarship (OGS)
DR ALEXANDRA RABALSKI
Emergency dental care in a paediatric hospital during COVID-19
Dr. Alexandra Rabalski, University of Toronto
Objectives: To determine the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on paediatric dental-related emergency department (ED) visits at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) in Toronto, Canada. This study investigated whether COVID-19 influenced patient volumes, dental conditions, and treatment provided in the ED in comparison to historical experiences.
Methods: Retrospective data on dental-related ED visits at SickKids were collected between June 2, 2018, and March 15, 2020, for the pre-pandemic group, and March 16, 2020, to March 15, 2021, for the pandemic group. All children 0 to 17 years of age that were residents of Ontario and who presented for dental-related ED visits were included. Clinical (date of visit, time of triage, consultation by a dentist, primary presenting dental condition, and intervention provided) and patient demographic information was collected. Statistical analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics (frequency distribution), t-test and Chi-square test, with significance level set as p < 0.05.
Results: 2224 patient encounters were reviewed. 71% of patients presented to the ED pre-pandemic, and 29% presented to the ED during the pandemic period. 48.2% and 47.8% received a dental consultation before and during the pandemic, respectively. Dental trauma to the primary dentition was the most common primary presenting condition in both groups. No significant differences were found between the two periods for primary presenting condition (p = 0.065). During the pandemic, patients presenting to the ED were significantly younger (p = 0.0007). There was a significant increase in dental extractions (p < .0005) during the pandemic period. Finally, there was a significant increase in prescription of oral anti-infectives (p = < .0001) during the pandemic period.
Conclusions: Patients presenting to the ED during the pandemic were younger. For patients that were consulted by a dentist, management was more likely to be with anti-infectives, and surgical management was more likely to be with extractions. This study emphasizes the importance of pandemic preparation and paediatric emergency dental management in a hospital ED setting.
Winners of the 3M Oral Care -CAPD/ACDP Graduate Student Research Presentation Award
The Abstracts from past Annual Conferences may be found at
Abstracts from 2021, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2011 and 2009
Dr. Keith Titley Scholarship
The Dr. Keith Titley Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Training Scholarship
The 2023-2024 Deadline for submission - October 31, 2023
Dr. Keith Titley was a full Professor in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto from 1970 to 2008. Keith worked tirelessly as an educator in both undergraduate and graduate training in Pediatric Dentistry.
He was a mentor and a friend to many graduate trainees in Pediatric Dentistry and the products of his work are spread across Canada providing advanced oral health care to children, and education and research in Pediatric Dentistry. He was the supervisor for countless diploma theses in Pediatric Dentistry and the supervisor for as many M.Sc in Pediatric Dentistry theses.
Keith also worked tirelessly first as Chief Examiner and then as the Registrar for the Royal College of Dentists of Canada. In doing so he insured the importance of advanced training in the recognized specialty programs of Canada and as such insured an examination process that was fair and equitable for all dental specialties.
Keith has also been a strong supporter and member of the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique.
In recognition of Dr. Titley’s quiet, yet tireless work in the area of Pediatric Dentistry this scholarship of the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique has been named in his honour.
ELIGIBILITY AND APPLICATION PROCESS: PLEASE NOTE THAT THE DEADLINE FOR APPLICATION IS OCTOBER 31, 2022
Read the full Terms of Reference and Instructions for Application for this scholarship.
Download the Dr. Keith Titley Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Training Scholarship Application Form
(After filling in the form in Microsoft Word, follow the instructions in the Terms of Reference document above.)
Download the Dr. Keith Titley Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Training Scholarship Advisor Statement.
(After your advisor fills in the form in Microsoft Word, follow the instructions in the Terms of Reference document above.)
Past Recipients of the Dr. Keith Titley Pediatric Dentistry Graduate Training Scholarship
Dr. Norman Levine Undergraduate Dental Student Award
Dr. Norm Levine was the first graduate trainee in pediatric dentistry from the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto program in 1960. Norm was Professor and Head of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto from 1976 to 1993. He was an internationally renowned and respected leader in dentistry for Persons with Disabilities.
Demonstrating a steadfast passion for pediatric dentistry, Norm raised its profile and reputation. The “Bear”, as he was known, was a caring and compassionate gentle giant He was awarded the Order of Canada for his commitment to pediatric dentistry and those with special oral health care needs. He instilled that passion in many undergraduate and graduate trainees in pediatric dentistry and many of them, from the very program that he became Professor and Chair of, have relocated across Canada and the world to private practices, hospital departments and academia promoting that same passion for excellence in pediatric dentistry.
It is with great honour and respect that the membership of the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/ Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique has established The Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique Dr. Norman Levine Undergraduate Dental Student Award.
There will be one award given annually to each accredited Canadian Faculty of Dentistry for a third or fourth year DDS/DMD student who demonstrates aptitude and passion for the field of pediatric dentistry and/or dentistry for persons with special needs.
The recipient should be nominated by the Undergraduate Pediatric Dentistry director in consultation with the respective faculties’ awards committee. The recipient of this award will receive $200.00.
Accredited Canadian Faculties of Dentistry may contact and invoice the Canadian Academy of Pediatric Dentistry/Academie Canadienne de Dentisterie Pediatrique with the nominees name at email@example.com once annually within their respective academic awards cycle.
Congratulations to the 2022 Recipients
(as of July 29, 2022)
Arash Farhadian - UBC
Linnaea Halpert - University of Toronto
Pascale Labranche - Université Laval
Lina Lin - University of Alberta
Sophie Patenaude - McGill University
Erin Steeves - Dalhousie
Jan Royce Salinas - University of Manitoba
Undergraduate students actively enrolled in an educational program in dentistry accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of Canada or an accreditation body with which the Commission on Dental Accreditation of Canada has a reciprocal accreditation agreement, are eligible to apply for Undergraduate student membership.
All student members shall be exempt from membership dues, receive copies of all general membership communications and publications without charge.
Also…Undergraduate student members may attend meetings of the Academy after registering and paying all associated fees. For complete details see Section 4.2.5 of the Constitution and By-Laws.
Students looking for information on the National Dental Specialty Exams (NDSE) may find information at